70 YEARS AND 1705 YEARS...

Carnuntum & Paris Changed The World

This year commemorates the 70th anniversary of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations in Paris on December 10th, 1948.

More than 1700 years ago, the 4th and last Tetrarchy (a Government of 4 Emperors) was founded at the “Emperors Conference” convened in Carnuntum on November 11th, 308, with Galerius, Maximinus Dea, Licinius and Constantin.

Two and a half years later - on April 30th, 311 - Galerius decreed in the name of all 4 Tetrarchs the “Edict of Religious Toleration of Nicomedia”, expressing tolerance of

Christianity for the first time and ending the persecution of Christians.

Subsequently, in the year 313 Constantine and Licinius signed the “Agreement of Milan” (also known as “The Edict of Milan”) granting religious liberty to all:

,,When I, Constantin Augustus, as well as l, Licinius Augustus, fortunately met near Mediolanum (Milan), and were considering everything that pertained to the public welfare and security, we thought, among other things which we saw would be for the good of many, those regulations pertaining to the reverence of the Divinity ought certainly to be made first, so that we might grant to the Christians and others full authority to observe that religion which each preferred...“

Published on June 13th, 313 in Nicomedia this Edict can be seen as a precursor of Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations from December 10"‘, 1948:

”Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.”

As a homage to this two Roman Emperors, Constantine and Licinius, and for Eleanor Roosevelt - the chair of the United Nations Human Rights Commission and „heart and driving force“ for the Human Rights Declaration, Piero Bordin, Austrian Artist and Director of the international Art Carnuntum Festival,  presented on Dezember 10th, 2018 in Paris on the original historic site (Palais de Chaillot / Trocadero) a simple, but impressive art installation:

The United Nations call for „#STANDUP4HUMANRIGHTS“

Piero Bordin let 3 Persons - who changed the world - stand up:


                                                                                (c) Piero Bordin

3 „Director‘s Chairs“ - two wooden, representing Constantine and Licinius - and one modern, metallic one, representing Eleanor Roosevelt‘s chair. A Homage for this 3 Persons who changed the world with their ideas and work.


Piero Bordin, known for his spectacular artistic installations based on historic or mythologic events - like „Marathon Art“ and „Ariadne‘s Thread“ under the auspice of the Greek Minister of Culture and Science, Melina Mercouri, „Messaggio per il mare“ in Venezia and on the Ars Electronica in Austria, „Minima ston Ilio“ in the European Cultural Center of Europe, in Delphi...

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